Research Methodology Aptitude Test MCQ Quiz 2

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Research Methodology Aptitude Test MCQ Quiz for the Preparation of Competitive Examinations such as CSIR JRF/NET, ICMR JRF, DBT BET JRE, GATE BT & XL, ICAR JRF NET, State Eligibility Test (SET), PG/ MS (M.Se.) M.Sc, D.Sc Entrance Examination, JAM, GS Medical Entrance, University Research (Ph. D.) Entrance Examination etc. Research Methodology Aptitude Test MCQ Quiz, Research Methodology MCQ, MCQ on Research Methodology,

University Research >> PhD Entrance Examination >> Research Methodology and Research Aptitude

In this Post You will Find Research Methodology MCQs which is very helpful for the students of BA, B.Com, B.Sc, M.Sc, M.A M.Com,GATE, CSIR NET, IIT-JAM and NTA NET

1. The word research is derived from the French word:

  • a) Reserch
  • b) Recerch
  • c) Resourch
  • d) Riserch

Answer (b): The word research is derived from the Middle French “recherche”, which means “to go about seeking”, the term itself being derived from the Old French term “recerchier” a compound word from “re-” + “cerchier”, or “sercher”, meaning ‘search’. The earliest recorded use of the term was in 1577

2. Research is an art of scientific Investigation.

3. Research is purely an academic activity. True

4. Research should be based on facts.

5. Research is related with:

  • a) Discovery of new idea
  • b) Solution of a problem
  • c) Investigation of a problem
  • d) All of the above

Answer(d): Research is “creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge”.[2] It involves the collection, organization, and analysis of information to increase understanding of a topic or issue. A research project may be an expansion on past work in the field. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects or the project as a whole.

The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, and the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences. There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, [3] social, business, marketing, practitioner research, life, technological, etc. The scientific study of research practices is known as meta-research.

6. Applied research is also called: a) Analytical research b) Empirical research c) Action research d) Qualitative research


The following are examples for applied research. You can notice that each of these studies aim to resolve a specific and an immediate problem.[4]

A study into the ways of improving the levels of customer retention for Wall-Mart in China
An investigation into the ways of improving employee motivation in Marriot Hotel, Hyde Park
Development of strategies to introduce change in Starbucks global supply-chain management with the view on cost reduction
A study into the ways of fostering creative deviance amongst employees without compromising respect for authority.

major difference between applied and basic research
Collect from:

7. The research that aims at immediate application is a) Action Research b) Empirical Research c) Conceptual Research d) Fundamental Research

Answer (a) : The research that aims at immediate application is action research.

8. The principal of a school conducts an interview session of teachers and students with a view to explore the possibility of their enhanced participation in school programmers. This endeavor may be related to which type of research? (A) Evaluation Research (B) Fundamental Research (C) Action Research (D) Applied Research

Answer (a) : The research that aims at immediate application is action research.

9. Research pertaining to pure mathematics or natural laws is the example of: a) Qualitative research b) Empirical research c) Analytical research d) Fundamental research

10. Which one of the following is not a feature of descriptive result? a) It is a fact finding enquiry. b) Research has no control over variables. c) Descriptive research is used for hypothesis testing. d) It is based on measurement of quantity.

11. Research to study the effect of certain policies, plans and programmes is: a) Applied research b) Descriptive research c) Evaluation research d) Casual research

12. Study of cause and effect relationship between variables is done by: a) Casual research b) Empirical research c) Explanatory research d) Longitudinal research

13. Newton gave three basic laws of motion. This research is categorized as a) Descriptive Research b) Sample Survey c) Fundamental Research d) Applied Research

14. Most of the Universities in India a) conduct teaching and research only b) affiliate colleges and conduct examinations c) conduct teaching/research and examinations d) promote research only

15. Action research means a) A longitudinal research b) An applied research c) A research initiated to solve an immediate problem d) A research with socioeconomic Objective

16. Research is a) Searching again and again b) Finding solution to any problem c) Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem d) None of the above

17. Manipulation is always a part of a) Historical research b) Fundamental research c) Descriptive research d) Experimental research

18. First stage of research process is: a) Identification of research problem b) Review of literature c) Research design d) Analysis of data

19. Last stage of research process is: a) Review of literature b) Report writing c) Research design d) Analysis of data

20. ________ helps comparison of two or more variables: a) Classification b) Tabulation c) Research d) Survey

21. One time research is applicable in case of: a) Environmental studies b) Diagnostic Studies c) Historical Studies d) Experimental studies

22. A null hypothesis is a) when there is no difference between the variables b) the same as research hypothesis c) subjective in nature d) when there is difference between the variables

23. The process not needed in Experimental Researches is a) Observation b) Manipulation c) Controlling d) Content Analysis

24. Hypothesis cannot be stated in general terms.

25. Hypothesis is capable of being tested.

26. Steps in conducting research

Research is often conducted using the hourglass model structure of research.[10] The hourglass model starts with a broad spectrum for research, focusing in on the required information through the method of the project (like the neck of the hourglass), then expands the research in the form of discussion and results. The major steps in conducting research are:[11]

  • Identification of research problem
  • Literature review
  • Specifying the purpose of research
  • Determining specific research questions
  • Specification of a conceptual framework, sometimes including a set of hypotheses[32]
  • Choice of a methodology (for data collection)
  • Data collection
  • Verifying data
  • Analyzing and interpreting the data
  • Reporting and evaluating research
  • Communicating the research findings and, possibly, recommendations


  1. “The ‘Research’ process” bubbleenterprises
  2. “The Origins of Science”Scientific American Frontiers
  3.  Bajpai, N. (2011) “Business Research Methods” Pearson Education India
  4. ..
  5. ….
  6. Trochim, W.M.K, (2006). Research Methods Knowledge Base
  7. Creswell, J.W. (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. 2008 ISBN 0-13-613550-1 (pages 8–9)

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