MCQ on Chemistry in Everyday Life for NEET 1

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MCQ on Chemistry in Everyday Life for NEET 2021. Question Bank for NEET Chemistry Chemistry in Everyday Life. Self Evaluation Test – Chemistry in Everyday. Practice Now

Question 1: Which one of the following is employed as Antihistamine? [CBSE AIPMT 2011]
A)Omeprazole
B)Chloramphenicol
C)Diphenhydramine
D)Norethindrone

Question 2: Which one of the followings is employed as a Tranquilizer drug? [CBSE AIPMT 2010]
A.Promethazine
B.Valium
C.Naproxen
D.Mifepristone

Question 3: Arsenic containing medicine used for the treatment of syphilis, is [Kerala PMT 2010]
A.Tetracycline
B.Ofloxacin
C.Erythromycin
D.Salvarsan

Question 4: The artificial sweetener containing chlorine that has the appearance and taste as that of sugar and is stable at cooking temperature is [Kerala PMT 2010]
A.Aspartame
B.Saccharin
C.Sucralose
D.Alitame

Question 5: The class of drugs used for the treatment of stress is [JK CET 2010]
A.Analgesics
B.Antiseptic
C.Antihistamine
D.Tranquilizers

Question 6. The dyes which are used in reduced state and are then oxidized in the fabric by air are called [DUMET 2010]
A.Azo dyes
B.Dispersed dyes
C.Basic dyes
D.Vat dyes

Question 7: Aspirin is [West Bengal JEE 2010]
A.Acetyl salicylic acid
B.Benzoyl salicylic acid
C.Chloro benzoic acid
D.Anthranilic acid

Question 8: Which one of the following is employed as a tranquilizer? [CBSE AIPMT 2009]
A.Naproxen
B.Tetracycline
C.Chlorpheniramine
D.Equanil

Question 9: The role of phosphate in detergent powder is to [Delhi PMT 2009]
A.Control pH level of the detergent water mixture
B.Remove Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions from the water that causes the hardness of water
C.Provide whiteness to the fabrics
D. Form solid detergent as phosphate-less detergent are liquid in nature

Question 10: The oxidant which is used as an antiseptic is [West Bengal JEE 2009]
A.KBrO3
B.KMnO4
C.CrO3
D.KNO3

Question 11: Bithional is generally added to the soaps as an additive to function as a/an [Kerala PMT 2009]
A. Softener
B. Dryer
C. Buffering agent
D. Antiseptic

Question 12: Which among the following is not an antibiotic? [Kerala PMT 2008]
A.Erythromycin
B.Oxytocin
C.Penicillin
D.Tetracycline

Question 13: Which of the following is used as a “morning after pill”? [Kerala PMT 2007]
A.Mifepristone
B.Ethynylestradiol
C.Norethindrone
D.Promethazine

Question 14: Tincture of iodine is [AIIMS 2006]
A.alcoholic solution of I2
B.solution of I2 in aqueous KI
C.aqueous solution of I2
D.aqueous solution of KI

Question 15: 2-Acetoxy benzoic acid is used as [Karnataka CET 2004]
A.Antiseptic
B.Antidepressant
C.Antimalarial
D.Antipyretic

Answer(1) Antihistamines are drugs which treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies. H₁ antagonists, also called H₁ blockers, are a class of medications that block the action of histamine at the H₁ receptor, helping to relieve allergic reactions. desloratadine, diphenhydramine, doxylamine, hydroxyzine, promethazine, phenyltoloxamine, orphenadrine, tripelennamine,

H1 antagonists/inverse agonists

  • Acrivastine
  • Azelastine
  • Bilastine
  • Bromodiphenhydramine
  • Brompheniramine
  • Buclizine
  • Carbinoxamine
  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
  • Chlorodiphenhydramine
  • Chlorpheniramine
  • Chlorpromazine (antipsychotic, also used as an antiemetic)
  • Clemastine
  • Cyclizine
  • Cyproheptadine
  • Desloratadine
  • Dexbrompheniramine
  • Dexchlorpheniramine
  • Dimenhydrinate (most commonly used as an antiemetic)
  • Dimetindene
  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • Doxylamine (most commonly used as an over-the-counter drug sedative)
  • Ebastine
  • Embramine
  • Fexofenadine (Allegra/Telfast)
  • Hydroxyzine (Vistaril)
  • Levocabastine (Livostin/Livocab)
  • Levocetirizine (Xyzal)
  • Loratadine (Claritin)
  • Meclizine (most commonly used as an antiemetic)
  • Mirtazapine (primarily used to treat depression, also has antiemetic and appetite-stimulating effects)
  • Olopatadine (used locally)
  • Orphenadrine (a close relative of diphenhydramine used mainly as a skeletal muscle relaxant and anti-Parkinsons agent)
  • Phenindamine
  • Pheniramine
  • Phenyltoloxamine
  • Promethazine
  • Pyrilamine (crosses the blood–brain barrier; produces drowsiness)
  • Quetiapine (antipsychotic; trade name Seroquel)
  • Rupatadine (Alergoliber)
  • Trazodone (SARI antidepressant/anxiolytic/hypnotic with mild H1 blockade action)
  • Tripelennamine
  • Triprolidine

Answer(2) B

Answer(3) Salvarsan (also known as arsphenamine) is an organoarsenic. It was the primary treatment for syphilis from its discovery by Drs. Sahachirō Hata and Paul Ehrlich in 1910

Salvarsan structure

Answer(4):

NameSweetness (by weight)Notes
Acesulfame potassium200
Advantame20,000
Alitame2,000
Aspartame180containing chlorine
Salt of aspartame-acesulfame350
Sodium cyclamate40
Dulcin250
Glucin300
Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone1650
Neotame10,000
P-40004,000
Saccharin350
Sucralose660

Answer(5) 5D

Answer (6) Vat dyes can applied directly on fibre and are generally insoluble in water. These can be used only on cotton but can not be used on silk and wool. In this case dying is a continuous process and is carried out in a large vessel called vat. For this reason these dyes are Known as vat dyes, indigo is an example of vat dyes.

Answer(7) Acetyl Salicylic Acid

Answer(8) D

Answer(9) B The advantage of using phosphates in a consumer laundry detergent or dishwashing detergent is that they make detergents more efficient by chelating calcium and magnesium ions.

Answer (10) B KMnO4

Answer(11) 11D

Answer (12) 12 B Oxytocin is a hormone that acts on organs in the body (including the breast and uterus) and as a chemical messenger in the brain, controlling key aspects of the reproductive system, including childbirth and lactation, and aspects of human behaviour.

Answer (13) Ethynylestradiol and Levonorgestrel can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. People sometimes call it the “morning after pill.” But you don’t have to wait until the morning after sex to take it. In fact, levonorgestrel is more effective the sooner you take it. It is a one-dose regimen: you take one pill. The pill contains 1.5 milligrams of levonorgestrel, which is used in lower doses in many birth control pills.

Answer (14) Tincture of iodine, iodine tincture, or weak iodine solution is an antiseptic. It is usually 2–7% elemental iodine, along with potassium iodide or sodium iodide, dissolved in a mixture of ethanol and water. Tincture solutions are characterized by the presence of alcohol.

Answer(15) Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid, is a medication used to reduce pain, fever, or inflammation. Specific inflammatory conditions which aspirin is used to treat include Kawasaki disease, pericarditis, and rheumatic fever. Aspirin given shortly after a heart attack decreases the risk of death.


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