The Syllabus of ICSE Class 8 Chemistry is given below:
Theme 1: Matter
- Main postulates of kinetic molecular theory of matter.
- Explanation of change of state of the matter on the basis of inter particle space and interparticle attraction and collision.
- Law of conservation of mass.(statement and explanation with examples).
Theme 2: Atomic Structure
- Fundamental subatomic particles present in an atom: electrons, protons, neutrons.
- Nucleus and extra nuclear parts.
- Atomic number and mass number.
Theme 3: Language of Chemistry
- Symbols of elements.
- Formulae of compounds.
- Chemical equations (from word equations).
- Law of conservation of mass.
- Balancing simple equations
- Relate the law to the balancing of simple equations.
- Information gathered from a chemical equation.
- Limitations of a chemical equation: Catalyst, conditions for the reaction, state of reactants and products, nature of the chemical reaction are not gathered from the equation.
Theme 4: Chemical Reactions
- Types of reactions:
- Double displacement.
- Reactivity series:
- In reactivity series metals are arranged in order of their reactivity.
- The metal that displaces the metal ion from the solution is more reactive.
- Predict the reactivity of metals.
- Endothermic and exothermic processes/reactions.
- Neutralization reaction.
- Decomposition reactions to form Oxides.
- Classification of oxides:
- Metal oxides are basic; nonmetal oxides are acidic in nature.
- Acidic oxides react with base and basic oxides react with acids. some oxides such as ZnO, PbO react with both acids and bases. These are amphoteric oxides.
Theme 5: Carbon and its Compounds
- Allotropes of Carbon – definition and explanation.
- Crystalline and amorphous nature of allotropes of carbon.
- Uses of diamond, graphite, coke, coal, soot.
- Physical properties of Carbon dioxide.
- Chemical properties of Carbon Dioxide.
- Acidic nature.
- Reaction with lime water.
- Properties and uses of Carbon monoxide.
- Emphasis on use as reducing agent in the extraction of iron.
- Emphasize the harmful properties of Carbon monoxide when inhaled – Asphyxia.
Recommended Chemistry Textbooks
- Chemistry For Middle Class – 8 By R P Rana Noms
- Chemistry 8 (2/E) (Paperback) by John West