GATE Chemistry CY Syllabus and Preparation Tips – PDF Notes
Chemistry, the science sybjects that deals with the properties, composition, and structure of substances (defined as elements and compounds), the dramatic change they undergo, and the energy that is released or absorbed during these chemical processes called chemical reaction. GATE 2022 Chemistry syllabus has been revised and various new topics like Inorganic Group Theory, Organometallics compounds , etc are added in the new proposed GATE Syllabus.
- In GATE 2022 chemistry paper, the majority of questions that is 55 are asked from core conceptual chemistry knowledge and 10 questions from General Aptitude so far. Candidates will be given only 3 hours to complete the examination . There will be negative markings for every incorrect response. Check GATE 2021 Exam Pattern
- The paper code for Chemistry paper is CY and if you have opted for this paper as your first paper then you will have 2 options to sit for the second paper i.e. CH or XL.
Only GATE 2022 qualifying candidates will be eligible to get all india admissions offered at IITs, NITs, etc. Read this web article on ChemistryUP.in to check the detail 2022 revised syllabus of GATE Chemistry (CY) paper, examination pattern, preparation trick and tips, important books, PDF Notes, GATE Chemistry Previous year question paper, Gate Chemistry Sample paper and much more.
Good Score For GATE Chemistry (CY) Considered To Be: 55
- Best Online Resources for GATE 2021 Preparation
- How to use GATE 2021 Virtual Calculator?
GATE CY Exam 2022: Important Dates
|Events||Important Dates for GATE 2022|
|Registration for GATE 2022 begins||To be out|
|Registration for GATE 2022 ends||To be out|
|Editing for GATE 2022 application ends||To be out|
|Availability of GATE Admit Cards||To be out|
|GATE Exam 2022 to be held on||To be out|
|Final Results for GATE 2022 to be announced on||To be out|
GATE CY Syllabus 2022: Syllabus for General Aptitude (GA)
|Subjects||GATE CY Syllabus 2022|
|Verbal Ability||Basic English grammar (parts of speech, verb-noun agreement, tenses, articles, conjunctions, adjectives, prepositions); basic vocabulary (idioms, words, and contextual phrases); narrative sequencing; reading & comprehension.|
|Quantitative Ability||Data graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other such data graphs), tables, maps, 2-D and 3-D plots; mensuration & geometry; probability; basic statistics; permutations & combinations; percentage; ratios; power; series; exponents & logarithms.|
|Analytical Ability||Analogy; number relations & reasoning; logic: deduction & induction.|
|Spatial Aptitude||Paper folding, cutting, and 2-D & 3-D patterns; transformation of shapes (rotation, mirroring, scaling, assembling, translation, grouping).|
GATE Chemistry CY Syllabus 2022
GATE Chemistry Syllabus consists of three sections-  Physical Chemistry,  Inorganic chemistry and most important  Organic Chemistry. Here, we are providing the complete syllabus of Chemistry for GATE which is given below:
GATE Chemistry CY Syllabus Section 1 – Physical Chemistry
- Structure: Postulates of quantum mechanics. Operators. Time-dependent and time-independent Schrödinger equations. Born interpretation. Dirac bra-ket notation. Particle in a box: infinite and finite square wells; concept of tunnelling; particle in 1D, 2D and 3D-box; applications. Harmonic oscillator: harmonic and anharmonic potentials; hermite polynomials. Rotational motion: Angular momentum operators, Rigid rotor. Hydrogen and hydrogen-like atoms : atomic orbitals; radial distribution function. Multi-electron atoms: orbital approximation; electron spin; Pauli exclusion principle; slater determinants. Approximation Methods: Variation method and secular determinants; first order perturbation techniques. Atomic units. Molecular structure and Chemical bonding: Born-Oppenheimer approximation; Valence bond theory and linear combination of atomic orbitals – molecular orbital (LCAO-MO) theory. Hybrid orbitals. Applications of LCAO-MO theory to H2 +, H2; molecular orbital theory (MOT) of homo- and heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Hückel approximation and its application to annular π– electron systems.
- Group theory: Symmetry elements and operations; Point groups and character tables; Internal coordinates and vibrational modes; symmetry adapted linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO-MO); construction of hybrid orbitals using symmetry aspects.
- Spectroscopy: Atomic spectroscopy; Russell-Saunders coupling; Term symbols and spectral details; origin of selection rules. Rotational, vibrational, electronic and Raman spectroscopy of diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Line broadening. Einstein’s coefficients. Relationship of transition moment integral with molar extinction coefficient and oscillator strength. Basic principles of nuclear magnetic resonance: gyromagnetic ratio; chemical shift, nuclear coupling.
- Equilibrium: Laws of thermodynamics. Standard states. Thermochemistry. Thermodynamic functions and their relationships: Gibbs-Helmholtz and Maxwell relations, Gibbs-Duhem equation, van’t Hoff equation. Criteria of spontaneity and equilibrium. Absolute entropy. Partial molar quantities. Thermodynamics of mixing. Chemical potential. Fugacity, activity and activity coefficients. Ideal and Non-ideal solutions, Raoult’s Law and Henry’s Law, Chemical equilibria. Dependence of equilibrium constant on temperature and pressure. Ionic mobility and conductivity. Debye-Hückel limiting law. Debye-Hückel-Onsager equation. Standard electrode potentials and electrochemical cells. Nernst Equation and its application, relationship between Electrode potential and thermodynamic quantities, Potentiometric and conductometric titrations. Phase rule. Clausius- Clapeyron equation. Phase diagram of one component systems: CO2, H2O, S; two component systems: liquid- vapour, liquid-liquid and solid-liquid systems. Fractional distillation. Azeotropes and eutectics. Statistical thermodynamics: microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles, Boltzmann distribution, partition functions and thermodynamic properties.
- Kinetics (Topic have been rearranged): Elementary, parallel, opposing and consecutive reactions. Steady state approximation. Mechanisms of complex reactions. Unimolecular reactions. Potential energy surfaces and classical trajectories, Concept of Saddle points, Transition state theory: Eyring equation, thermodynamic aspects. Kinetics of polymerization. Catalysis concepts and enzyme catalysis. Kinetic isotope effects. Fast reaction kinetics: relaxation and flow methods. Diffusion controlled reactions. Kinetics of photochemical and photophysical processes.
- Surfaces and Interfaces: Physisorption and chemisorption. Langmuir, Freundlich and Brunauer–Emmett– Teller (BET) isotherms. Surface catalysis: Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. Surface tension, viscosity. Self- assembly. Physical chemistry of colloids, micelles and macromolecules.
GATE Chemistry CY Syllabus Section 2 – Inorganic Chemistry
- Main Group Elements: Hydrides, halides, oxides, oxoacids, nitrides, sulfides – shapes and reactivity. Structure and bonding of boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates, boron nitride, borazines and phosphazenes. Allotropes of carbon, phosphorous and sulphur. Industrial synthesis of compounds of main group elements. Chemistry of noble gases, pseudohalogens, and interhalogen compounds. Acid-base concepts and principles (Lewis, Brønsted, HSAB and acid-base catalysis).
- Transition Elements: Coordination chemistry – structure and isomerism, theories of bonding (VBT, CFT, and MOT). Energy level diagrams in various crystal fields, CFSE, applications of CFT, Jahn-Teller distortion. Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes: spectroscopic term symbols, selection rules, Orgel and Tanabe- Sugano diagrams, nephelauxetic effect and Racah parameter, charge-transfer spectra. Magnetic properties of transition metal complexes. Ray-Dutt and Bailar twists,
- Reaction mechanisms: kinetic and thermodynamic stability, substitution and redox reactions. Metal-metal multiple bond. Lanthanides and Actinides: Recovery. Periodic properties, spectra and magnetic properties.
- Organometallics: 18-Electron rule; metal-alkyl, metal-carbonyl, metal-olefin and metal- carbene complexes and metallocenes. Fluxionality in organometallic complexes. Types of organometallic reactions. Homogeneous catalysis – Hydrogenation, hydroformylation, acetic acid synthesis, metathesis and olefin oxidation. Heterogeneous catalysis – Fischer- Tropsch reaction, Ziegler-Natta polymerization.
- Radioactivity: Detection of radioactivity, Decay processes, half-life of radioactive elements, fission and fusion processes. Bioinorganic Chemistry: Ion (Na+ and K+) transport, oxygen binding, transport and utilization, electron transfer reactions, nitrogen fixation, metalloenzymes containing magnesium, molybdenum, iron, cobalt, copper and zinc.
- Solids: Crystal systems and lattices, Miller planes, crystal packing, crystal defects, Bragg’s law, ionic crystals, structures of AX, AX2, ABX3 type compounds, spinels, band theory, metals and semiconductors. Instrumental Methods of Analysis: UV-visible, fluorescence and FTIR spectrophotometry, NMR and ESR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, atomic absorption spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy (Fe and Sn) and X- ray crystallography. Chromatography including GC and HPLC. Electroanalytical methods- polarography, cyclic voltammetry, ion-selective electrodes. Thermoanalytical methods.
GATE Chemistry CY Syllabus Section 3 – Organic Chemistry
- Stereochemistry: Chirality and symmetry of organic molecules with or without chiral centres and determination of their absolute configurations. Relative stereochemistry in compounds having more than one stereogenic centre. Homotopic, enantiotopic and diastereotopic atoms, groups and faces. Stereoselective and stereospecific synthesis. Conformational analysis of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Geometrical isomerism and optical isomerism. Configurational and conformational effects, atropisomerism, and neighbouring group participation on reactivity and selectivity/specificity.
- Reaction Mechanisms: Basic mechanistic concepts – kinetic versus thermodynamic control, Hammond’s postulate and Curtin-Hammett principle. Methods of determining reaction mechanisms through kinetics, identification of products, intermediates and isotopic labelling. Linear free-energy relationship – Hammett and Taft equations. Nucleophilic and electrophilic substitution reactions (both aromatic and aliphatic). Addition reactions to carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom (N and O) multiple bonds. Elimination reactions. Reactive intermediates – carbocations, carbanions, carbenes, nitrenes, arynes and free radicals. Molecular rearrangements.
- Organic Synthesis: Synthesis, reactions, mechanisms and selectivity involving the following classes of compounds – alkenes, alkynes, arenes, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, nitriles, halides, nitro compounds, amines and amides. Uses of Mg, Li, Cu, B, Zn, P, S, Sn and Si based reagents in organic synthesis. Carbon-carbon bond formation through coupling reactions – Heck, Suzuki, Stille, Sonogoshira, Negishi, Kumada, Hiyama, Tsuji-Trost, olefin metathesis and McMurry. Concepts of multistep synthesis – retrosynthetic analysis, strategic disconnections, synthons and synthetic equivalents. Atom economy and Green Chemistry, Umpolung reactivity – formyl and acyl anion equivalents. Selectivity in organic synthesis – chemo-, regio- and stereoselectivity. Protection and deprotection of functional groups. Concepts of asymmetric synthesis – resolution (including enzymatic), desymmetrization and use of chiral auxiliaries, organocatalysis. Carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bond forming reactions through enolates (including boron enolates), enamines and silyl enol ethers. Stereoselective addition to C=O groups (Cram, Prelog and Felkin-Anh models).
- Pericyclic Reactions and Photochemistry: Electrocyclic, cycloaddition and sigmatropic reactions. Orbital correlations – FMO and PMO treatments, Woodward-Hoffmann rule. Photochemistry of alkenes, arenes and carbonyl compounds. Photooxidation and photoreduction. Di-π-methane rearrangement, Barton-McCombie reaction, Norrish type-I and II cleavage reaction.
- Heterocyclic Compounds: Structure, preparation, properties and reactions of furan, pyrrole, thiophene, pyridine, indole, quinoline and isoquinoline.
- Biomolecules: Structure, properties and reactions of mono- and di-saccharides, physicochemical properties of amino acids, chemical synthesis of peptides, chemical structure determination of peptides and proteins, structural features of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, and alkaloids.
- Experimental techniques in organic chemistry: Optical rotation (polarimetry). Applications of various chromatographic techniques such as thin-layer, column, HPLC and GC. Applications of UV-visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the structural determination of organic molecules.
GATE 2022 Exam Pattern of Chemistry (CY)
- GATE 2022 IIT Kharagpur is expected to release the official GATE exam syllabus for all 27 subjects through online mode (Computer Based Test – CBT)
- Applicants have to attend 65 questions in the duration of 3 hours
- The exam includes 2 types of Questions- MCQs & NAT
- All the questions will be based on 3 sections (General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics* and Subject Specification Section)
- Marking scheme
- Total marks: 100 marks
- Negative marking: Only for the MCQs : 1/3 for 1 mark questions
2/3 for 2 marks questions
|Section||Distribution of Marks||Total Marks||Types of questions|
|General Ability||5 questions of 1 mark each|
5 questions of 2 marks each
|Chemistry||25 questions of 1 mark each|
30 questions of 2 marks each
|85 marks||MCQs and NATs|
Important Books for GATE 2022 Chemistry Paper
|Chapterwise Solved Papers Chemistry GATE 2020||Sanjay Saxena & Preeti Gupta|
|GATE 2020: Chemistry Year-wise Previous Solved Papers 2000-2019||GKP|
Preparation Tips for GATE 2022 Chemistry Paper
1. Target Based Study Planning For GATE !
One who seeks success in GATE 2022 can divide their preparation planning as short term and long term study path. The perpetration of any one out of two plans is totally based on the choice and comfort of you!
- In short term study plan: Candidates can practice revision based class notes, practice previous year GATE question papers, taking the mock tests on internet, MCQ Based Practice Paper from any GATE Book, etc after the completion of each major topic. This will help them in judging their weakness and strongest points at an early stage of preparations. Candidates can also predict their rank using GATE Rank Predictor.
- In long term study plan: Candidates can go study each and every topic of chemistry and do more practice and after that for final revision from good GATE Notes, GATE Mock Test, online mcq test, etc only once that is after the completion of the whole syllabus.
2. Time Management
Time management is very very important for GATE Success. ChemistryUP are providing one day time table format to helps GATE candidates.
|Time Allotment||Activities to Do|
|7:00 AM to 8:00 AM||Right down the important topics of that day and scan all the important points that are to be study|
|8:00 AM to 8:30 AM||Take a Break|
|8:30 AM to 11:00 PM||Pick up a Major Topic of Chemistry of any one chapter|
|11:00 PM to 12:30 PM||Take a Break and Go Shower|
|1:00 PM to 3:00 PM||Go through all the topics that you have covered in the day or you can also continue with the preparation of Major Topic|
|3:00 PM to 5:00 PM||A quick go through of the Notes and try to sleep early|
|5:00 PM to 6:00 PM||Do any thing like TV/Playing/Phone Call with GF/BF|
|6:00 PM to 6:30 PM||Take a Tea with Tiffin Break|
|6:30 PM to 9:30 PM||Pick up a Major Topic with some rest|
|9:00 PM to 10:30 PM||Do any thing like TV/Playing/Phone Call with GF/BF|
|10:30 PM to morning||Early bed Sleep|
|Ha Ha Ha !|
Also Read: Preparation Tips from GATE / CSIR Topper
3. Maintain Consistency:
- Candidates are advised to start from the basic conceptual knowledge. Make your base strong enough so that you can cover the difficult topics more easily.
- Consistency plays an important role in your GATE Success! Without it, you will not be able to achieve any of your life goals. Stick to your time table and first go for the major topics only and dont addicted to mobile phone/ TV Serial/ Web Series/ Mobile or PC Online Game/ Sex Story/ Phonographic Website/ Sexting etc.( Ha Ha . Am i joking ?
4. Online Test, Mock Test Series, and Video Lectures
Taking the online tests or mock test is one of the important steps of your GATE / CSIR exam preparation. The online or offline or MCQ Based mock test will help you boost up your confidence.. With the help of an online test, you will be able to judge of your strong and week part in every chapter or section and you can prepare for your weaker sections again. Candidates can also take help from youtube video lectures. The benefits of GATE / CSIR video lectures are:
- Easy to access the basic concepts.
- Learning through more attractive platform.
- Chances of getting valuable information from world class experience teacher.
- Various Information on same topic that makes easy approach to difficult topics.
5. Previous Years GATE / CSIR Practice Papers
- Previous years’ GATE / CSIR NET papers are handy and you can go through them n number of times.
- You can observe the trend of GATE / CSIR NET questions asked in the past 2-3 years and prepare according to that.
- Practice GATE / CSIR NET papers help you prepare for your exams in the long run.
Sample Questions for GATE Chemistry (CY)
GATE CY Previous Year Chemistry Question Paper – PDF Download
GATE Chemistry Question Paper 2021 : Download GATE Chemistry Question Papers in pdf format. Today we are providing GATE Question Papers of CY: Chemistry. On this page, you can get GATE Chemistry Previous Question Papers from the latest 2020 to 2013. Previous papers of 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2019, 2020 are provided with download options in pdf format. Check GATE Notification 2022 here. Preparing previous question papers will help you to crack and get a good score in GATE 2021 Exam. GATE 2020 Chemistry CY previous year question papers in PDF format is available on this website.
Why GATE Previous Question Papers are Important
Candidates who are waiting For GATE Upcoming exam . GATE Exam is always very stressful for all engineering and science students. If you are planning to appear in this year’s GATE Exam that means too much stress. You can decrease your exhaustion if you solve five to seven previous years question papers. Actually, they are a easy way to practice for the GATE exam. Referring to GATE previous year question papers is one of the best methods for GATE preparation of the same year. Previous Year Question papers are the most valuable source of hard work for GATE Preparation.
This web post has provided the GATE Chemistry Question paper 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017 along with answer of previous year Question papers.
Download GATE Chemistry Previous Question Paper with Answer
Students can also download the previous year question papers for the preparation process. From the past 2013 to 2020 Question Papers were updated below.
- GATE 2022 CY QUESTION PAPER
- GATE 2022 CY ANSWER KEY
- GATE 2021 CY QUESTION PAPER
- GATE 2021 CY ANSWER KEY
|GATE PREVIOUS YEAR PAPER|
|GATE 2020 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2019 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2018 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2017 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2016 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2015 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2014 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2013 CY QUESTION PAPER||ANSWER KEY|
|GATE 2012 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2011 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2010 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2009 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2008 CY QUESTION PAPER|
|GATE 2007 CY QUESTION PAPER|