# Bihar Board BSEB Class 12 Maths Syllabus PDF 2021-22

Here in this post, we share Bihar Board BSEB Class 12 Maths Syllabus PDF Download 2021-22.

## Bihar Board 12th Maths Syllabus

A quick look at the Bihar Board Class 12 Previous Year Question Papers set by Bihar School Education Board helps one understand the waymarks are allocated in the annual exams. However, we have provided the table below consisting of the chapter-wise weightage of Bihar Board 12th Maths subject.

### Detailed Chapterwise Bihar Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus

The Mathematics paper of Bihar Board Class 12 (Intermediate 2nd year) consists of total of 100 marks with 3 hours of time duration. While topics related to Calculus are allocated 40 marks, the rest of the topics are allocated 9 to 18 marks each.

#### Unit 1: Relations and Functions

1. i) Relations and Functions

Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions, composite functions, the inverse of a function. Binary operations.

1. ii) Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions.

#### Unit 2: Algebra

1. i) Matrices

Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Non Commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrices (restrict to square matrices of order 2).Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).

1. ii) Determinants

Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of a system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using the inverse of a matrix.

#### Unit 3: Calculus

1. i) Continuity and Differentiability

Continuity and differentiability, a derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions.

Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second-order derivatives. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretation.

1. ii) Applications of Derivatives

Applications of derivatives: rate of change of bodies, increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normals, use of derivatives in approximation, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).

iii) Integrals

Integration as the inverse process of differentiation.Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them.

Definite integrals as a limit of a sum, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.

1. iv) Applications of Integrals

Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only), Area between any of the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable).

1. v) Differential Equations

Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation.Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given.Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables solutions of homogeneous differential equations of the first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:

dy/dx + py = q, where p and q are functions of x or constants.

#### Unit 4: Vectors and 3 Dimensional Geometry

1. i) Vectors

Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector.Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, the addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors, a scalar triple product of vectors.

1. ii) 3 – Dimensional Geometry

Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points.Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, the shortest distance between two lines.Cartesian and vector equation of a plane. Distance of a point from a plane.

Angle between

(a) two lines,

(b) two planes

(c) a line and a plane

#### Unit 5: Linear Programming

Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimization, different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems, mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded and unbounded), feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints).

#### Unit 6: Probability

Multiplication theorem on probability, Conditional probability. Independent events, total probability, Baye’s theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean and variance of the random variable. Repeated independent (Bernoulli) trials and Binomial distribution.